Document A: "The Case Against the "Reds" (Modified) In 1917, Russia became a communist country. Also, right after WWI, the country experienced high inflation, high unemployment, and a number of labor strikes. Against this backdrop, the United States began arresting and deporting anyone suspected of "radical" thinking (e.g., communism, socialism, anarchism, pro- labor). These arrests became known as the "Palmer Raids" after the Attorney General of the United States, A. Mitchell Palmer Like a prairie-fire, the blaze of revolution was sweeping over every American institution a year ago. It was eating its way into the homes of the American workmen, its sharp tongues of revolutionary heat were licking the altars of the churches, leaping into schools, crawling into the sacred corners of American homes, burning up the foundations of society. My information showed that thousands of aliens supported communism in this country. The whole purpose of communism appears to be a mass organization of the criminals of the world to overthrow the decencies of private life, to usurp property that they have not earned, to disrupt the present order of life. Communism distorts our social law. The Department of Justice will pursue the attack of these "Reds" upon the Government of the United States with vigilance, and no alien, advocating the overthrow of existing law and order in this country, shall escape arrest and prompt deportation. Vocabulary Aliens: Foreigners Usurp: take over Distort: Twist out of shape Source: Excerpt from an essay written by A. Mitchell Palmer called "The Case Against the 'Reds" 1920.
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Hi, have 1) Palmer described communism as mass organi- Zation of the criminals of the world to overthrow the decencies of private life. He thinks it dangerous because the foreigners- Cali...